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Enhancement of Osteogenic Differentiation by Combination Treatment with 5-azacytidine and Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone in Human Osteoblast Cells
Int J Thyroidol 2017;10(2):71-76
Published online November 30, 2017;
© 2017 Korean Thyroid Association.

Hyun Jin Sun1, Young Shin Song1,2, Sun Wook Cho1 and Young Joo Park1,2

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital1, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine2, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Sun Wook Cho, MD, PhD, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Korea
Tel: 82-2-2072-4761, Fax: 82-2-762-2292, E-mail:
Received November 14, 2017; Revised November 14, 2017; Accepted November 15, 2017.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background and Objectives: The role of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) signaling on osteoblastic differentiation is still undetermined. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-azacytidine) on TSH-mediated regulations of osteoblasts. Materials and Methods: MG63, a human osteoblastic cell-line, was treated with 5-azacytidine before inducing osteogenic differentiation using osteogenic medium (OM) containing L-ascorbic acid and β-glyceophosphate. Bovine TSH or monoclonal TSH receptor stimulating antibody (TSAb) was treated. Quantitative real-time PCR analyses or measurement of alkaline phosphatase activities were performed for evaluating osteoblastic differentiation. Results: Studies for osteogenic-related genes or alkaline phosphatase activity demonstrated that treatment of TSH or TSAb alone had no effects on osteoblastic differentiation in MG63 cells. However, treatment of 5-azacytidine, per se, significantly increased osteoblastic differentiation and combination treatment of 5-azacytidine and TSH or TSAb in the condition of OM showed further significant increase of osteoblastic differentiation. Conclusion: Stimulating TSH signaling has little effects on osteoblastic differentiation in vitro. However, in the condition of epigenetic modification using inhibitor of DNA methylation, TSH signaling positively affects osteoblastic differentiation in human osteoblasts.
Keywords : Thyroid-stimulating hormone, 5-azacytidine, Osteogenic differentiation, Osteoblast

November 2018, 11 (2)